Dandruff is the skin affliction commonly affecting the scalp where there is lot of flaky dead skin and itchiness. Normal people shed a little dead skin and it is hardly noticeable.  This kind of shedding of the skin is remarkable because of its profusion. It is imperative to get the dandruff treatment on time. Dandruff is widespread and affects all people irrespective of their ethnicity or race.

Addressing the scalp condition requires knowledge about the way it reacts and behaves to external and internal changes. External changes include exposure to very severe sunlight or chemicals while internal changes are those that are brought about by the metabolic activity.

Dandruff can be typified into the ones that result from oily skin, those where is some micro-organisms on the skin that produce metabolic by products and other types where the individual has certain circumstance or medical condition specific circumstance.

Signs of Dandruff and Seborrheic Dermatitis

It is particularly easy to identify a person suffering form dandruff. The presence of white flaky spots on the hair and the clothes make them distinct from a distance itself. This is also one of the reasons why the persons afflicted by this remain self-conscious.

  • Presence of white flaky substances ( dead skin from the scalp) on the hair and clothes
  • Itching sensation on the scalp
  • Extremely dry skin

Symptoms are easily identifiable both in adults as well as in children. These are the presence of white scaly dead skin cells that show up on the hair and on the shoulders of the person.

The scalp could have itchiness depending on the severity of the symptoms and the circumstances. This sensation could also be present when there are pother skin afflictions such as head lice. Head lice are very common among school going children. The texture of skin and scalp will be very dry.

Dandruff caused by seborrheic dermatitis

What can cause seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff?

Man has been involved in seeking the dandruff remedy and so far has achieved a mediocre amount of success. The causes for the disorder could be put down to a combination of factors. Predominant among which are diet criteria,  health considerations. The causes for dandruff are given below:

The conditions of the skin

  • Dry skin
  • Lack of hygiene

Use of harsh chemicals

  • Exposure at work
  • Styling and maintaining the hair
  • Bad water

Disorders of the skin

Dandruff caused by seborrheic dermatitisDry skin is one of the reasons fro dandruff. By leaving the scalp to dry the chances of irritation increases. Flaking occurs as a natural continuation of growth of the skin and the increase in the dead cells adds to the problems. Another reason that causes irritation is the decrease in the standards of hygiene. When dirt accumulates it causes pathogens to grow and this makes the irritation in the scalp to increase. Washing regularly with soap or shampoo is recommended even if the person is not having dandruff.

Many of the worksites have pollutants and chemicals in the air. A mask but the hair may cover the face and the scalp is open to the pollutants and the irritation causes a worsening of the symptoms. Similarly the person may be using hair styling agents. These chemicals may aggravate the scalp situation sometimes. It is better to avoid those brands that cause an allergic reaction. If there are no brands available then one could use shampoos made of natural ingredients. And sometimes the culprit is water. The change in the quality of the water sometimes is unnoticeable small. But there may be some reagents in the water that are harmful to the scalp or provide irritation to some people who have sensitive skins. Try to avoid use of bad water by incorporating filters for all the taps  in the house.

Many disorders of the skin also cause dandruff to increase. Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin inflammatory disease that causes increased sensitivity of the skin. Rashes appear and scales form on the scalp. If the symptoms are severe then there may be bleeding also. Psoriasis shows scale formation and the dry skin spreads outward over the scalp and spreads outwards. This is why the dandruff is aggravated and the itchiness increases. Contact dermatitis is spread through the contact with allergens. These may be temporary or chronic phenomenon. Apart from all this various other factors could also be at play. These are listed below.

Physiological factors

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Inheritance factor
  • Low body resistance

Environmental factors

  • Exposure to stress
  • Exposure to harsh substances
  • Excessive oiliness or dust build up

Improper diet

  • Not enough nourishment
  • Ill balanced diet

Instances of diseases

  • Parkinson’s disease

dandruff-seborrheic-dermatitis-4When the person is undergoing hormonal changes as a part of the growth cycle of life or when they are undergoing therapy for some other medical condition, the change in the production of hormones will cause dryness of skin. The scalp will become itchy and the person will have aggravated symptoms of dandruff. Many cases though, the factors are all inherited. The dandruff is passed on from the parent to the child as a natural inheritance. There is no evidence to support the fact as yet. When the body has lowered immunity as when they are suffering from HIV or AIDS, the dandruff production will increase. It is mainly because of the dryness of the skin.

Since the disease is unknown as yet the cure for dandruff varies according to the locality and the belief.

Maintaining  a good diet is an essentiality for many reasons. One of them is that poor diet will lower body resistance to diseases. When diseases afflict one the chances of related symptoms appearing are high. Staying in a dust-laden atmosphere is injurious because the dust blocks the pores of the skin and scalp. The scalp loses its natural elasticity and becomes dry and unhealthy. This increases the dandruff production. When there are imbalances in the diet, such as eating too much fish or drinking too much alcohol the body will compensate in its own way. The reaction will be seen as some allergy or rashes that manifest in different parts of the body.

If the person is already having some disease like Parkinson’s the body hormones and the nervous system will be attuned to a different level of operation. The normal hormonal reactions will be absent and this also could be a reason for the dandruff.

Dandruff  and seborrheic dermatitis treatment methods

In order to fight against this disease, we have to address the skin inflammation and scale build up. Of the many dandruff remedies the ones that are effective usually are those, which involve reagents that act directly on the dandruff such as shampoos. In the case where the ailment is not too severe, the best treatment for dandruff consists in maintaining a good healthy scalp that is without too much oil and without going to the dry zone.

When you begin you must understand how to cure dandruff. Dandruff is a disease affecting the skin, especially the scalp and causes discomfort to varying degrees. Use any natural remedies for dandruff for a while. Natural remedies have no side effects.


Effectiveness of medicinal shampoos

Soaking your head with lime juice is one natural dandruff remedy that has been proven to be effective. However, many people believe that the best dandruff treatment is got through the medicated anti dandruff shampoos which contain several agents like ketoconazole and selenium sulfide. Over the counter medications having salicyclic acid such as salicyclic acid shampoo are among the remedies for dandruff. Another remedy for dandruff  involves the use of tar-based shampoos.

Dandruff Natural remedies

Since very little is known about the cures that are common for all people the dandruff natural remedies is often a collection of various recipes suitable for different people with differing conditions. Some people believe only in the natural treatment for dandruff. The craze for homemade remedies for dandruff happens because these remedies are very effective. Whichever be the treatment of dandruff that you are adopting be sure to continue it for a good interval of time. The benefits of the treatment will become obvious only when it has had time to take effect.

Dandruff Home made remedies

For those with severe dandruff treatment will consist of a two-step method. First is to wash and comb or brush the hair to remove the dandruff in the hair. The second is to adopt the treatment method that is suitable for the control of the disease.

Even though there is no dandruff cure to date, a lot is known about the nature of the disease. Use of home made remedies date back to the historic times. The home remedy for dandruff begins with understanding the nature of the affliction.

Many of the people do the dandruff treatment at home. Let us take a look at the home remedies for dandruff. Mostly  the homemade dandruff treatment will concentrate on the methods that remove the causes for dandruff  on a permanent basis.

Concoctions prepared using herbs and plant barks such as white willow bark, aloe vera, ginger, yogurt, vitamin B5, vitamin E are considered as the best natural remedy for dandruff.

Dandruff caused by seborrheic dermatitisEast to make and use

Egg oil, Neem, black pepper, yogurt, lime and aspirin are among the many ingredients used in dandruff home remedies. Vinegar is one natural cure for dandruff that has stood the tests of time.

Apply yogurt to the scalp. Let it soak for 4 hours. Then rinse the hair and dry. Repeat the treatment the next day.

Lime has very good properties to cure dandruff. Squeeze the juice of lime into a cup. Take half the amount in a cup and apply to the inside of the air. When the juice has been applied thoroughly to the scalp, let it soak for ½ hour. Now take the remaining juice in the cup and mix with a little water. Apply this to the hair and rinse.

Adding powdered aspirin to the shampoo has been one of the best ways of getting rid of dandruff.

If you have nothing in the house, then apply some vinegar to the hair. Let is soak for a couple of hours. Then rinse it all off.

Beneficial Oils Treatment

  • Oils such as Cypress oil and Clary sage oil mixed with aromatic agents are used to cure dandruff.
  • Another treatment for dandruff is the use of eucalyptus oil or birch oil.
  • Tea tree oil is a dandruff home remedy that is widely adopted.
  • The anti dandruff treatment using Thyme oil is also found to be very effective.
  • A home treatment for dandruff using Rosemary oil has been found to be effective.

Ayurvedic Treatment

Using natural dandruff treatment it is possible to cure the illness totally. Lemon and vinegar is a popular Ayurvedic hair dandruff treatment  that infuses the antibacterial properties of lime to effect the cleansing. This in Ayurvedic parlance is known as jambir kul. There are more than a hundred methods existing in Ayurvedic treatment for dandruff. Some of them are given below.

Camphor with coconut oil: This is a good combination to rejuvenate the scalp and the hair also.

Fenugreek seeds: Soak these seeds in water overnight and crush them to paste. Then apply them to the hair for lustrous growth and trouble free scalp.

Spices: Vegetables  seasoned with haldi, jeera and marich in butter have very good property for growth of hair.

Thyme: Boil dried thyme leaves in water. Cool and strain and apply the water to the scalp.

For effective dandruff treatment certain changes in the lifestyle such as improved hygiene and healthy diet will need to be maintained to ensure that the cure prolongs. Shampooing aside, you could add these changes in order to reduce the symptoms and control it. Among the various dandruff cures that have stood the test of time, diet control, good rest and treatment with lotions and creams are the most prominent.

  • Eat healthy
  • Get some sun
  • Avoid stress
  • Shampoo regularly
  • Avoid irritants
  • Do not let your scalp dry up

Qualities required in the shampoo

Look for these ingredients in the shampoos or the creams or lotions that you use.

  • Salicyclic acid
  • Tar
  • Selenium sulfide
  • Zinc pyrithione
  • Ketoconazole

dhs-seborrheic-dermatitisThe keratoplastic that causes the skin to shed the dead cells is coal tar. The top layer of the skin loses all dead cells and this adds sheen to the skin. Selenium sulfide is known to retard the malassezzia growth that is why it is so effective. The anti-seborrheic properties combines with the cytostatic effect it has on the epithelium to give good results but there could be oiliness after use.

Zinc pyrithione helps normalize the sebum production and the epithelial keratinization. This reduces the yeasts in the scalp and it becomes normal. This antifungal and antibacterial agent is useful in reducing the structural abnormalities found due to dandruff.

Precautions with seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff

When you begin dandruff home treatment you will need to discontinue the various styling products that you were using for your hair till date.

  • Do not apply anything and everything to the scalp
  • Do not expose the scalp ( even if it healthy) to harsh chemicals
  • Do not dry out the scalp too much
  • Use shampoo regularly to remove the excess oil
  • Brush the hair regularly
  • Eat healthy food
  • Do not overstress yourself


Dandruff is not life threatening and does not interrupt the normal working conditions of the routine life of people. Therefore, dandruff treatment is often ignored. Moreover, it is not contagious and often resolves on its own. Unless there are sever aggravations like bleeding and severe itchiness there is no need to take direct action. Consultation with the doctor is only warranted when the person has unbearable itchiness or bleeding occurs. In the normal course, under ordinary circumstances, the matter will remain within predictable limits of behavior.