Atopic dermatitis is a common and long lasting skin disorder which affects a huge number of people around the world. This skin disease is also known as eczema, dermatitis or atopy. The word dermatitis means an inflammation of the skin and atopic refers to disease which is caused due to hereditary. Many people often think of this disease as a skin infection or allergy. The Atopic dermatitis includes symptoms such as asthma, allergies and eczema. This disease is considered to be hereditary and is seen in various generations in some families. Atopic dermatitis symptoms include skin rashes and itching sensation which causes redness, swelling, cracking, weeping, crusting and scaling.

Atopic dermatitisAtopic dermatitis can occur at any stage of life but is seen most in infants and young children. The disease may also linger on till adulthood in certain cases. Most patients who suffer atopic dermatitis suffer for a long time and may require medication at all times. Children who suffer this disease tend to have dry and itchy skin which is usually very sensitive. There are a number of factors that can aggravate the disease and worsen the situation. These include dry skin, seasonal allergies, exposure to harsh soaps and detergents, new skin products or creams, and cold weather. Environmental factors can also trigger the disease. Areas such as the folds of the arms, the back of the knees, wrists, face, and hands are usually most infected by the disease. In severe cases it may be found behind the ears and on other parts of the body.

Atopic dermatitisIt is important to consult a doctor who can provide the correct treatment for atopic dermatitis. There are three key factors which are included during treatment which include healing the skin and keeping it healthy, preventing flares and treating the symptoms when they occur. It is very essential for individuals who suffer from the disease to maintain skin hygiene at all times. The members of the family should also take care to ensure that the patient develops a skin care routine and avoids situations which can lead to the disease. It is best advice to stick to using 1 simple soap and one moisturizer which suits the skin type.

Atopic dermatitis patients should avoid using multiple soaps, lotions, fragrances, and mixes of products may cause further issues and skin sensitivity. In case of infants; parents should give the child brief lukewarm baths, apply lubricants immediately after the bath, cut and keep the fingernails short and clean at all times, use cotton fabrics and clothing, use medications which can reduce the itchiness at night and keep the child in a cool and dry climate or temperature.

Regular medication and care can help to control and cure atopic dermatitis and can keep an individual healthy. This also helps to prevent flares which may be caused due to over medication.