Dermatitis is a condition that causes the skin to become inflamed. This condition is not contagious, but dealing with it can be very frustrating. It is estimated that four percent of the adults in the United States have dermatitis.

What Are Some of The Different Types of Dermatitis?

Contact, neurodermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, stasis dermatitis, atopic dermatitis and perioral dermatitis are the different forms of this condition. Contact dermatitis occurs is caused by allergens or irritants. Cosmetics, poison ivy, rubber and perfume are examples of some of the allergens that can trigger contact dermatitis. Soaps, laundry soap and cleaning products are examples of irritants. Red rashes, bumps and itching are some of the possible signs of this condition.

Neurodermatitis is a condition that causes an itchy sensation on certain areas of the skin. This form of dermatitis is also known as lichen simplex chronicus. The areas of the body that are commonly affected by neurodermatitis include the back of the neck, arm, forearm, wrist or ankle. Eczema, chronic irritation and dry skin are some of the things that can cause dermatitis to develop.

Seborrheic dermatitis is a condition that causes oily scales to develop in the scalp or around the nose or the ears. These scales are usually reddish and yellowish in color. Oily hair or skin can possibly cause a person to develop this condition. Stress and neurological conditions can also put a person at risk for developing seborrheic dermatitis.

Stasis dermatitis is a condition that develops when fluid builds up in the tissues below the skin. It typically affects the lower legs. Stasis dermatitis occurs when the blood pools inside of the leg veins instead of returning to the heart. Obesity and varicose veins are two of the major factors that put a person at risk for developing stasis dermatitis. Additionally, if a person has another condition that interferes with blood circulation, such as pregnancy or deep vein thrombosis, then he or she will be at a greater risk for developing stasis dermatitis. Itchy, swollen legs are some of the main symptoms of stasis dermatitis.

Atopic dermatitis (commonly known as eczema) is a condition that causes itchy, scaly rashes to develop on the skin. It has a tendency to run in families and usually occurs as the result of allergies. A malfunction of the immune system, hay fever and dry skin are some of the factors that can cause a person to develop this condition. Atopic dermatitis is very common in babies. In fact, it can develop in infants who are as young as two months old.

Perioral dermatitis is a condition that causes red bumps to develop around the nose or mouth. Health experts believe that this condition may be a form of adult acne, rosacea or seborrheic dermatitis. Young women are at the greatest risk for developing this condition. Makeup, moisturizers and topical steroids are some of the things that can contribute to the development of this condition.

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Complications

Dermatitis rarely causes serious complications. However, it is very important for people to get this condition treated as soon as possible. The fissures and open sores that develop as the result of dermatitis can cause bacteria, fungus and viruses to enter the skin. Dermatitis can also put you at risk for developing cellulitis. Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection that causes the skin to become painful, red, hot and irritated. If you have a condition that compromises your immune system, then your risk of developing cellulitis is even higher.

Treatment

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There are a number of treatments available for dermatitis. The type of treatment that the doctor recommends will depend on the type. Identifying the cause of the rash and avoiding it is one of the keys to treating contact dermatitis. The doctor may also recommend a cream that contains hydrocortisone. If a person does not respond to that treatment, then the physician may recommend a stronger steroidal cream. Additionally, patients can get relief by applying a cold compress to the area.

The goal of neurodermatitis treatment is to get a person to stop scratching. Wet compresses and creams that contain hydrocortisone are examples of some of the frequently recommended treatments for this condition. Patients are also advised to cover the affected area so that they can prevent themselves from scratching. Some patients may be prescribed anti-anxiety medications or antidepressants.

Shampoos that contain medication are the first lines of treatment for seborrheic dermatitis. The most effective shampoos are the ones that contain ketoconazole or salicyclic acid. Patients may also be advised to apply olive or mineral oil to their skin because that will help remove the scales.

In order to treat stasis dermatitis, the doctor must correct the problem that is causing the fluid to build up in the ankles or legs. Elastic support hoses and wet dressings may be recommended. If a person has varicose veins, then he or she may need to have surgery to remove them.

The goal of atopic dermatitis treatment is two-fold. One of the goals of treatment is to alleviate the redness and itching. Healing the skin so that infections can be prevented is the other goal. Like most other types of dermatitis, creams with hydrocortisone have been shown to be very effective for treating atopic dermatitis. Patients may also be prescribed a immunosuppressant topical medication. Elidel and protopic are examples of such medications.

Furthermore, light therapy can benefit people who suffer from atopic dermatitis. This treatment involves exposing the skin to natural or artificial light. Light therapy not only treats atopic dermatitis, but it also helps prevent future recurrences.

An oral antibiotic called tetracycline can be used to treat perioral dermatitis. The doctor may also recommend a mild corticosteroid cream. However, strong corticosteroids are generally not recommended. Perioral dermatitis has a tendency to come back worse after the corticosteroid medications have been stopped.