Out of the big skin rash family, eczema is in all probability the most common disease and one of the most difficult to get rid of because the best an eczema treatment can do is relieve itching and reduce irritation. Anyone who has ever had a rash knows how annoying and unpleasant it can be, and this is especially true for eczema sufferers. In this situation there are only two ways of dealing with the condition: either wait for it to go away on its own, which pays off half of the times, or take action for alleviating the symptoms to a level that is manageable. However, in severe forms of eczema only the latter is a viable solution.
The word eczema is generally used to define a large variety of skin inflammations, out of which the most frequent is atopic dermatitis. People of any age, race or gender can be affected by eczema but, nevertheless, the condition is more likely to happen in toddlers and children up to 5 years of age. More than half of them will have the issue permanently resolved after a few occurrences, while others will have recurrent episodes throughout their lives. The eczema treatment starts with identifying potential causes and in the majority of the cases it has much to do with a family history in either eczema or other inflammatory skin diseases.
Even if doctors cannot put a finger on the exact cause of the condition, one theory that is largely accepted is that for eczema to appear if two factors act simultaneously:
- a deficiency of the skin that impairs the skin’s function as a natural barrier;
- an abnormality in the functioning of the immune system
Recent studies show that people affected by eczema have unusual genetic structures that render them unable to metabolize certain proteins which are essential for the skin’s defense mechanisms. Thus, a breach is created and this is enough for the skin on any part of the body to become dry and reddened while itching and burning. And it is exactly that bothersome feeling that eczema treatment focuses upon.
Corticosteroids have proven efficient in controlling symptoms in most cases but it is the intensity of the disease that dictates the strength of the steroid used: for mild to moderate cases a weaker steroid, like hydrocortisone, is used, while in severe eczema high-potency steroids have a better chance of success. Yet, the prolonged use of corticosteroids can bring about unwanted side-effects, for example skin atrophy (thinner and more fragile skin). In addition, eczema is known for facilitating the appearance of an infection called candidiasis – that is why some physicians avoid recommending these medications to their patients and prefer creams made of antifungal and corticosteroid combinations in eczema treatment.
The eczema treatment can be made more effective by the use of different methods and products, for instance, the use of moisturizers and anti-itch drugs along with other means of therapy, like phototherapy or climatotherapy. It is well-known that dry skin can worsen the condition, so it is necessary to use a quality body moisturizer the skin keep it in balance. After all, it is much easier to see results if you prevent the situation from aggravating. Still, it takes much effort and time for the treatment to bring lasting results and even greater efforts for avoiding future break-outs.
At the end of the day, it is all a challenge in which only those determined enough succeed. One could even say that the eczema treatment is one of the many tests of will that life can throw our way.